Fleet management and trucking industry glossary
From "Accessorial service" to "Yard mule" and everything in-between, make sense of the technical terms and colorful slang frequently used within the trucking industry.
Cab-beside-engine motor or tractor motor
A motor truck or tractor in which the driver’s compartment and controls are located beside the engine.
A motor tractor in which a substantial part of the engine is located beneath the cab.
Camel back body
A truck body design, in which the floor curves downward at the rear.
A solid bar mobile phone form factor; shaped like a candybar.
The quantity of freight that will fill a rail car.
The right of a carrier to hold assets as security until the party responsible for paying freight charges has done so.
Local hauling; this may be between destination points in the same town, city, or contiguous municipalities.
Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity
A certificate issued by the Interstate Commerce Commission or state regulatory agencies that authorizes for-hire carriers to offer their services to the public.
Costs assumed by a carrier on behalf of independent contractors; these are billed to the independent contractor at a later date.
A XataNet feature that allows administrators to easily find and correct common driver login, hours of service (HOS), and geo-fence errors and inconsistencies.
An indirect route.
A truck used for pickup and delivery within a city. They may also be referred to as a cub, pickup, whoopee or shag.
A shipper’s demand for an overcharge refund or payment from the carrier for loss or damage to freight while in the carrier’s possession.
Class I motor carrier
A carrier with annual gross operating revenue of $10M or more derived from motor carrier operations, as defined by the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC).
Class II motor carrier
A carrier with annual gross operating revenue of $3M to $9,999,999 from motor carrier operations, as defined by the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC).
Class III motor carrier
A carrier with annual gross operating revenue of less than $3M from motor carrier operations, as defined by the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC).
A publication that identifies articles and their respective classes, which are used in the application of class rates and in conjunction with governing rules and regulations.
An entity that processes and collects bills for participating trucking companies.
A chassis-less container carried by railflat car, which allows for intermodal movement of freight by rail and sea.
A pledge made by a borrower to secure a loan, usually in the form of material assets.
A shipment in which the carrier collects freight charges and advances from the receiver, rather than the shipper.
A tractor-trailer equipment configuration; includes a separate power unit (the tractor) and at least one trailer.
Any good or article of commerce; it may be transported to supply market demand.
A tariff on carriers that contains commodity rates and rules for transportation.
Controlled, computer-generated situations used to test and improve driver and vehicle performance; mechanics may also employ computers for maintenance testing and to identify malfunctioning parts.
Destruction or damage of contents, in which external packaging appears to be in good condition and damage-free.
Loss of or damage to package contents that cannot be identified until the package is opened and contents examined.
A truck built to transport and mix concrete in a specially-designed drum; the concrete is agitated using a spiral blade and through the rotational spin of the drum.
The person or firm to whom the goods are shipped; the receiver.
The shipment; the goods exchanged between shipper and receiver.
The person or firm by whom the goods are shipped; the shipper.
A shipping system that employs large, cargo-carrying containers that are easily shipped by and moved between trucks, trains and ships without handling the contents.
A fleet or owner-operator engaged by one or more shippers in the for-hire transportation of freight.
A truck or trailer with removable side panels, allowing it to be used as both a flat bed or open top.
Compliance Review; a comprehensive audit of a carrier's records to determine whether or not their fleet is a threat to public safety and out of compliance with FMCSA rules and regulations. Audits are conducted by Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) or State safety investigators at the carrier's place of business.
Compliance Review Work Group; Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) staff tasked with recommending compliance and enforcement program improvements. The group's primary recommendation was CSA 2010, a performance-based safety and compliance enforcement model.
"Compliance. Safety. Accountability." is a Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration initiative to improve highway safety through the measurement of key driver behaviors.
Cargo Systems Messaging Service; a searchable database of U.S. Customs and Border Protection messages of interest to truck carriers and others in the trade community, including new and updated entry procedures, port closings and power outages, exchange rates and more.
A common, non-metric measure of truck capacity; 1,728 cubic inches.
Current assets and liabilities
Any assets and liabilities belonging to a person or firm that may be respectively liquidated or come due in under one year.